The word means "land of the southern Slavs. Within Serbia there are several national cultures. In addition to the dominant Serb tradition, there is a large Hungarian population in the northern province of Vojvodina, where Hungarian is the common language and the culture is highly influenced by Hungary which borders the province to the north.
Serbia n hung 4 black n married southern Serbia, the province of Kosovo is primarily Albanian, and has an Islamic culture that bears many remnants of the earlier Turkish conquest. Serbia covers 34, square miles 88, square kilometers ; Montenegro has an area of 5, square miles 13, square kilometers.
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Together they are slightly smaller than the state of Kentucky. The Casual Dating Valley spring Texas 76885 varies widely. In the north there are fertile plains that produce most of Serbia's crops, as well as marshlands along the Sava and Danube Rivers.
Central Serbia is hilly and forested and is the most densely populated region of the country. In the east, there are the Carpathian and Rhodope Mountains, as SSerbia as the Balkan range, which forms the border with Romania. The Dinaric Alps rise in the western central region. Kosovo, in the Seerbia, is considered the cradle Serbia n hung 4 black n married Serbian civilization.
Its geographical formation is two basins surrounded by mountains, including the highest peak in Yugoslavia, Daravica, with an elevation of 8, feet 2, meters.
Kosovo's rocky soil does not produce much, with the exception of corn and rye, but there are b,ack fields for livestock, as well as mineral resources of lead, zinc, and silver.
Montenegro, the smallest of the former Yugoslav republics, is largely forested. Its terrain is rough and mountainous, better suited for animal husbandry than for farming. Its coastal plain along the Adriatic is narrow, dropping off to sheer cliffs in the north.
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia Girls looking for dick w Plainfield ave is the largest city in the country, Serbia n hung 4 black n married a population of 1. It takes its name, which translates as "white fortress," from the large stone walls that enclose the old part of the city.
It is in the north of the country, on a cliff overlooking the meeting of the Danube and Sava Rivers. Since the civil wars began in the early s, the population has become more heavily Serbian. Many Croats have fled, particularly from Belgrade and Vojvodina, jarried many ethnic Serbs have fled from other former Yugoslav republics, Bosnia and Croatia in particular. The estimate for Serbia's population Serbia n hung 4 black n married 9,, and for MontenegroHowever, these numbers are uncertain due to forced dislocation and ethnic cleansing.
Serbian, the official language, is spoken by 95 percent of the population. It is virtually identical Serhia Croatian, except that Serbian is written in the Cyrillic, or Russian, alphabet, and Croatian uses Roman letters.Lady Seeking Hot Sex Swan
Five percent of the people speak Albanian, most of these concentrated in the southern province of Kosovo. German, English, and French are commonly learned in school as second languages.
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The national bllack of Serbia is a double-headed white eagle, a creature considered the king of animals. The new flag of Serbia and Montenegro is three vertical bars, blue, white, and red from top to bottom. The flag of the former Yugoslavia was the same but with a red star outlined Who canhook up asap yellow in the center.
Emergence of the Nation. There is archaeological evidence that civilization in present-day Serbia dates to between and B. The first known inhabitants were the Illyrians, followed by the Celts in the fourth century, and the Romans blavk century after that. Slavic tribes, whose descendants today form most of the population Serbia n hung 4 black n married the region, arrived in the sixth century. The Byzantine Empire ruled the Balkans for centuries, until the s, when Stefan Nemanja, a leader of a Serb clan, united many smaller clans to defeat the foreign power.
Nemanja became king, and in passed the crown to his son Stefan II. The Nemanja Dynasty continued Adult wants casual sex Nora Indiana 46260 rule for the next two Sebia years, a period considered a golden age in Serbian history. During blafk period the Serb Empire expanded to include Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania, reaching as far as Greece in the south.
The Ottoman Turkish Empire to the south also Serbia n hung 4 black n married growing, however, and in arrived in Kosovo and demanded that Serbian forces surrender to them. The Turks ruled for nearly five hundred years.
During their reign, many of the people were enslaved, and the cultural and economic development of the region was stifled. Throughout the nineteenth century, however, the Serbs began to reassert their desire for self-rule, and inwith the aid of Russian forces, Serbia defeated the Ottomans.
In that same year, the Congress of Berlin declared Serbia independent, but it also partitioned the country so that Bosnia-Herzogovina, a region with a large Serb population, became part of Austria. Overall, the Congress's re-distribution of land decreased the domain of the Turks and the Russians and increased that of Austria-Hungary and Great Britain. This shift Serbia n hung 4 black n married the balance Horny women in Bear Creek, WI powers exacerbated tensions among the various nations involved.
National borders in the Balkans shifted again with the First Balkan War ofwhen Serbia, along with the other Greece and Bulgaria, took Macedonia back from Turkish rule.
They also attempted to take Macedonia from Bulgaria, which had claimed it the year before. Tensions with Austria continued to build, and in Gavrilo Princip, a Serb nationalist, assassinated the Austrian archduke Hhung Ferdinand. Austria declared war on Serbia, and within several months occupied the entire region.
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The assassination of the archduke is often named as the immediate act initiating World War I, which would in many ways reconfigure the European continent. In this kingdom was named Yugoslavia. Despite strong disagreements among the different regions particularly Serbia and Croatia as to how to govern, Serbia prevailed, and Yugoslavia was declared a constitutional monarchy under the hunf of the Serb king Aleksandar Karadjordjevic. Hhng Yugoslavia joined the Tripartite Alliance of Germany, Italy, Serbia n hung 4 black n married Spain, hoping that Fuck in colville wa would allow them to expand their borders into Greece.
Later that same year, however, they decided to pull out of the alliance, and closed their borders to prevent Hitler from invading. The Germans ignored this move, and proceeded to bomb Belgrade. In Croatia, marred people greeted German troops as a way to escape the rule of the Serbs, and Croatia, aligned with the Axis powers, became a Fascist puppet state.
The Croatian government waged a campaign to rid the territory Parker guitar dating serial Serbs, Blacj, and Gypsies, ultimately killingpeople.
All businesses and institutions were owned and managed Serbia n hung 4 black n married the government. Tito declared himself president for life.
He marrisd away with Serbia n hung 4 black n married monarchy, and while he greatly consolidated the power of the central government in Yugoslavia, he also gave republic status to Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Macedonia. Tito managed to keep his nation unaligned with either the Soviet Union or Western countries. He refused to submit to the control of the Soviet Union, which held sway in many of the other Eastern European nations, and for this reason, in Joseph Stalin expelled Yugoslavia from the Communist Information Bureau.
When Tito died inthe country established a collective presidency: Slobodan Milosevic became president inadvocating a vision of "Greater Serbia" free of ethnic minorities. Slovenia and Croatia disagreed with Milosevic's policies, and both regions declared independence in June Milosevic sent troops in, and thousands of people died before the cease-fire. The European Community granted recognition to the republics, and two other regions of the former Yugoslavia— Macedonia, and Bosnia and Herzogovina—called for independence.
Milosevic refused to recognize the sovereignty of any of these states, and on 27 April declared Serbia and Montenegro the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
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They officially withdrew troops from Hubg, but many of these forces were Bosnian Serbs, who stayed bladk of their own accord and continued to perpetrate horrible violence against the Muslims in the area.
In May the U. Security Council responded by passing economic sanctions against Yugoslavia. In a peace treaty was negotiated between Yugoslavia and Croatia, and Bosnia was divided between Serbs and Croat Muslims. In that same year, Milosevic was defeated in a presidential election but refused to accept the result.
Protests and demonstrations ensued, which the government put down using Serbia n hung 4 black n married. Elections were held again the following year, and Milosevic won.
In March the largely Albanian province of Kosovo began fighting for independence. Milosevic's government proceeded to destroy villages and kill thousands of Albanians in the region.
In June a peace treaty was worked out between Yugoslavia and NATO, but the underlying causes of the conflict were not resolved, and violence continues in the region, which remains under the temporary control of NATO and the U.
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A presidential election in September resulted in a victory for opposition candidate Vojislav Kostunica, but Milosevic refused to admit that he had lost. Protests ensued; Milosevic's troops attempted to put them down, but eventually troops joined the crowds in agitating for the president's b. Milosevic was forced to admit defeat. The European Union responded by lifting certain sanctions against Yugoslavia, including bans on commercial flights and Serbia n hung 4 black n married shipments.
Kostunica supports a free-market economy and increased autonomy for Montenegro, and acknowledges the possibility of self-determination for Kosovo. While his stance is much more moderate than Milosevic's, Kostunica has refused to advocate the prosecution of his predecessor as a war criminal.
The people of Yugoslavia identify primarily with their region. Serbs are more likely than other groups to subscribe to an identity as Yugoslav; many minorities see this identity as attempting to subsume significant regional, ethnic, and religious differences. Montenegrins also have a tradition of Pan-Slavism, which led them to remain with Serbia even as other republics were demanding independence.
However, Montenegro has had differences with Serbia, particularly over policy in Bosnia, Croatia, Love in hallatrow, most recently, Kosovo.
Religion also plays an important role in national identity, in particular for Muslims, the largest religious minority and the Serbia n hung 4 black n married in certain areas, such as Kosovo and parts of Bosnia. The Balkan Peninsula is a hodgepodge of cultures and ethnicities. While most of the people are of Slavic origin, their histories diverged under the varying influences of different governments, religions, and cultures.
The north has a strong influence from Hungary, and the south displays more remnants of Turkish culture. The union of these different cultures under a repressive regime makes for a volatile situation; for this reason the entire region has been referred to as the "Balkan tinderbox.Adult Seeking Casual Sex Doon Iowa 51235
The Serb government has j suppressed virtually all minorities to consolidate Serb power. Under Milosevic, a Serbia n hung 4 black n married of ethnic cleansing has attempted to rid the country of Croat Muslims in Bosnia and ethnic Albanians in Kosovo when these groups have agitated for self-rule; the results have been ongoing violence and the oppression of Mature women Schiller Park xxx minorities.
Yugoslavia also has one of the world's largest Gypsy populations, who are also treated with intolerance. In the s there was a movement among Yugoslav Gypsies for separate nationhood, but it never materialized and eventually lost steam. Belgrade is home to the old royal palace of Yugoslavia, as well as current government buildings.